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Course 1 > Unit 1 > Write and Produce > General Writing 1
                       | General Writing 1 Practical Writing 1 General Writing 2 Practical Writing 2
General Writing
Forming Compound and Complex Sentences
  A complete written sentence is one that contains at least a subject (S) and a predicate-verb (V) (僚囂強簡).
    Examples: 1. Birds sing.
         2. The little boy is playing on the play ground.
  If a sentence is made up of more than one set of S-V, usually linked by a conjunction (銭簡), it becomes a compound or a complex sentence.
    Examples: 1. It was late, so we went home.
         2. Tom wanted to watch TV, but his wife decided to go to the movie.
         3. He was pleased because his work was completed.

1. Combine the following pairs of simple sentences into compound or complex sentences by using the conjunctions provided.
  1 Tom is a hardworking young man. Tom does not always make big progress. (but)

2 John likes football very much. Ted also likes football very much. (both...and)

3 My father didn't go to university. My mother didn't go to university. (neither...nor)

4 He was getting tired. He stopped his work. (so)

5 Take this medicine. You will not recover. (or)

6 I woke up in the morning. It was almost 8 o'clock. (when)

7 I woke up to find I was late. I jumped out of bed quickly. I ran to school. (so...and)

8 I rushed out of the bedroom. I took a look at my watch again .I had to turn back. (after)

9 I couldn't help laughing to myself. I had mistaken seven for eight. (because)

10 It was just seven o'clock. I couldn't believe it. I took a look at my watch again. (and)

2. Correct the mistakes in the following sentences.
   1 It is not a good idea to go shopping on Sunday, if the shops are very crowded.

   2 Because you are a college student, you shouldn't depend too much on your parents.

   3 It rained a lot this summer, since we didn't have to water the flowers in the garden.

   4 She read the funny stories when she laughed aloud in her bedroom.

   5 The student didn't quite understand the teacher's point; however, he asked him to explain it.

   6 The girl was a little nervous in class, at last the teacher asked her to sit down.

   7 Although he was very tired, but he tried to finish his work on time.

   8 As you know, that all the students are eager to learn English well.

   9 I'd like to know when will the American teacher come to join in our English party.

   10 He was in a hurry to leave and the telephone rang.


3. Most of the sentences in the following paragraph are simple ones and you may find it boring to read them. Now try to combine some of the sentences into compound or complex sentences where possible or necessary. Don't start too many sentences with the word "I".
The First Day I Came to College
I still remember the first day when I came to college. It was a sunny day. Everything seemed fresh to me. All the freshmen were excited. I was very excited, too. I had long dreamed of becoming a college student. Later my dream had come true. This was really a turning point in my life. I looked at the modern classroom buildings and the large library. I felt proud of my college. I knew that going to college would be a good opportunity for me to obtain a great deal of knowledge. The knowledge would be useful for my future career . But I knew that studying at college was a great challenge to me. I had to learn how to overcome the difficulties in my study and life at college. Anyway, I was determined to study hard. I must live up to the expectations of my parents and my friends. I was sure that I could face the challenge. I would make the best of the opportunity. I would prove myself a worthy college student.
©Experiencing English 2002